The rescue of the Danish Jews has become world famous. Almost 99 per cent of the Danish Jews survived the Holocaust.
Some Danish Jews came home and were able to resume their lives right where they had left off in October 1943. Others faced difficult challenges: Families had been separated, some discovered that they had lost everything, and had neither housing, job nor belongings to which to return. Violent experiences had to be dealt with in a time which lacked the psychological help now provided by the modern Danish welfare state.
The return home was definitely not simple for everyone.
At the age of three Tove Warchaffsky was left behind with a couple who were strangers, a decision her mother made during her flight from Gilleleje in October 1943.
At least 148 children were hidden in Denmark because their parents did not dare to take them with them when they fled. The liberation was, for many of them, the start of familial and personal complications that none of their parents could possibly have imagined lay ahead in the hectic days of October 1943 (Photo: The Danish Jewish Museum).
Martin and Henni Rubinowitz photographed with their mother, Slowa Rubinowitz, in Hälsingborg in 1945. They were arrested by the Gestapo, but by some miracle were released and made it to Sweden. These experiences took a hard toll on the parents.
When they finally returned to Denmark, their apartment had been rented out to someone else. They had, like thousands of other refugees, to live in a refugee camp (Photo: The Danish Jewish Museum).
In 1945, the Posner family did not want to flee anymore.As German Jews, they had experienced Krystalnacht in Germany in 1938, and fled shortly thereafter. The family came to Denmark, as an intermediate stage on the way to the United States. They had to flee again in October 1943, this time to Sweden.
After returning in 1945, the parents gave up the dream of moving on, and stayed in Denmark.
The Posner family's apartment in Copenhagen was preserved by the Copenhagen Social Service Department, and they could move in right away (Photo: The Danish Jewish Museum).
The Simson family were able to return to their apartment and cap maker workshop in Saint Peter's Street in 1945. The father, Hirsch, had managed to pay several years' rent to the neighbours. But their attempted flight failed, and the family was deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp.
The time there marked them all for life. It was not an easy task to start over again (Photo: The Danish Jewish Museum).
Helene and Nathan Cipikoff drowned while fleeing to Sweden. In Denmark Nathan had had a tailor's shop and been a loyal member of the Association of Jewish Craftsmen. The man in the middle is the son of the drowned couple, Martin, together with the board of the association.
Forty-six persons lost their lives in connection with the flight: twenty-three drowned in the Sound. Sixteen committed suicide. Two were shot during the attempt at flight and five died of shock, exhaustion and illness (Photo: The Danish Jewish Museum).
In the Jewish Western cemetery at the West Cemetery in Copenhagen there is a monument to the memory of the fifty-three Danish Jews who died in the Theresienstadt concentration camp.
The monument, made by the Danish Jewish sculptor Siegfried Wagner, was consecrated in a ceremony on September 22, 1946. In addition to the names of the deceased, the stone has this inscription (in translation):
"This monument is raised to those of our fellow believers who were deported in October 1943 to Theresienstadt and there succumbed to their sufferings. They believed in God and in the triumph of righteousness. All honour to their memory."
Seven men died in other concentration camps (Foto: Ole Akhøj/Dansk Jødisk Museum).
The museum shop´s sortiment of books, booklets, music and design offers you more ways to explore Danish Jewish culture.
- an exhibition about Jews in Denmark
The exhibition is a broad story of Jewish life in Denmark and focuses on co-exixstence and indentity through 400 years. Read more...
Tuesday to Sunday: 10 am - 5 pm
Winter (September - May):
Tuesday-Friday: 1 pm - 4 pm
Saturday and Sunday: 12 noon - 5 pm