At the time of the flight in October, 1943, there were close to 1,500 in reality stateless Jews in Denmark. From 1943 to 1945 the Danish state took responsibility for all of them. However, after the return to Denmark, the stateless Jews were in difficult circumstances. The law of compensation covered Danish citizens, and the Board of Compensation only gave dispensations to people who had been in Denmark for more than 15 years.
Stateless Jewish refugees who had come to Denmark in the 1930s received assistance from the Central Office, but these payments of temporary aid stopped in January, 1946. The stateless were dependent on their own network and help from private charities.
The stateless were foreigners in every country. If they were to travel, travel documents had to be issued. Esther Ilse Schwalbe was born in Berlin in 1915. She fled to Denmark in 1933 and lost her German citizenship at the passage of the Nürnberg laws in 1935. She received Danish travel documents in June, 1947 - and later Danish citizenship.
(Photo: Ole Akhøj / The Danish Jewish Museum)
The museum shop´s sortiment of books, booklets, music and design offers you more ways to explore Danish Jewish culture.
- an exhibition about Jews in Denmark
The exhibition is a broad story of Jewish life in Denmark and focuses on co-exixstence and indentity through 400 years. Read more...
Tuesday to Sunday: 10 am - 5 pm
Winter (September - May):
Tuesday-Friday: 1 pm - 4 pm
Saturday and Sunday: 12 noon - 5 pm