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The stateless

At the time of the flight in October, 1943, there were close to 1,500 in reality stateless Jews in Denmark. From 1943 to 1945 the Danish state took responsibility for all of them. However, after the return to Denmark, the stateless Jews were in difficult circumstances. The law of compensation covered Danish citizens, and the Board of Compensation only gave dispensations to people who had been in Denmark for more than 15 years.

Stateless Jewish refugees who had come to Denmark in the 1930s received assistance from the Central Office, but these payments of temporary aid stopped in January, 1946. The stateless were dependent on their own network and help from private charities.

Papers for the stateless
Papers for the stateless

The stateless were foreigners in every country. If they were to travel, travel documents had to be issued. Esther Ilse Schwalbe was born in Berlin in 1915. She fled to Denmark in 1933 and lost her German citizenship at the passage of the Nürnberg laws in 1935. She received Danish travel documents in June, 1947 - and later Danish citizenship.

(Photo: Ole Akhøj / The Danish Jewish Museum)

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From October 1st 2015 to December 31st 2016 HOME is only available for pre-booked guided tours. Book now:

Acces from the Library Garden

You can acces the HOME exhibition directly from the Library Garden. It is wheelchair accessible and inside is a cloakroom.

Space and spaciousness

- an exhibition about Jews in Denmark

The exhibition is a broad story of Jewish life in Denmark and focuses on co-exixstence and indentity through 400 years. Read more...

Openings hours

September - May:
Tuesday-Friday: 1 pm - 4 pm
Saturday and Sunday: 12 noon - 5 pm
Monday closed