As far as the Bundists were concerned, Yiddish was the official Jewish language. Hebrew was for religious purposes alone, and though many Bundists had had a religious upbringing, they were generally against religion. The Zionists, on the other hand, wished to establish Hebrew as the official Jewish language. This conflict reflects that the two groups saw their respective causes as being directed towards two different groups within the Jewish community.
The Bundists were oriented towards the Ashkenazi Jews while the Zionists saw themselves as the representatives of all Jews, irrespective of their background. It is thought that out of the 16 million Jews who lived worldwide in the years between the two World Wars, 10,5 million had Yiddish as their native language. A new generation of Jews, born in Palestine in the first decades of the twentieth century, grew up speaking a new form of Hebrew, Ivrit, which has since become the predominant language spoken in Israel.
Holocaust mainly affected Ashkenazi Jews. Bund, which had been the largest Jewish party in Poland up to World War II, was almost eradicated by the Holocaust along with the Yiddish language. With the immigration of Polish Jews to Denmark in 1969-70, the Bund had a short revival in Denmark. Zionism has been an organised movement in Denmark for over a hundred years.
Now you can catch a glimpse behind the scenes at the museum, and see what else is going on. Follow us @thedanishjewishmuseum
Get a discount of 10% at selected cafés by showing your ticket from the museum (Photo: Eddie Michel Azoulay).
- an exhibition about Jews in Denmark
The exhibition is a broad story of Jewish life in Denmark and focuses on co-exixstence and indentity through 400 years. Read more...
September - May:
Tuesday-Friday: 1 pm - 4 pm
Saturday and Sunday: 12 noon - 5 pm